Featured Dog Breed – Airedale Terrier
The largest of terriers, read more about this handsome breed.
The Airedale terrier is known by these alternative names: waterside terrier, Bingley terrier, Airedale, and King of Terriers.
The Airedale terrier is a breed of big, strong dogs of British origin, of the Yorkshire region in England. It is believed to be descended from a cross between the otterhound, an excellent hunter of otters, and the old Spanish terrier. The breeding of these animals began in the mid-nineteenth century. In Canada they are used for big game hunting of bears and deer.
It is an intelligent dog, faithful, quiet, and a staunch partner who enjoys walks and responds to simple commands. It learns basic training without any problems. Its personality is cheerful, sometimes confident, and secure. It is almost always on alert but not aggressive unless it is bothered or encouraged.
In countries where it is most widely used, the Airedale terrier has never been able to be a dog of fashion. It therefore has some trade protection and indiscriminate breeding, factors that destroy the technical characteristics of the vast majority of dog breeds. They have problems in their ears that require continuous observation and hygiene. They may also have a skin problem known as hot patch.
Airedale terriers are larger, muscular and active. Their character shines through in the always lively and alert expression of their eyes, in the way they carry their erect tail, and in their ears. Males have a height of between 59 and 61 centimeters with an average weight of twenty-five kilograms. Females are 56 to 59 centimeters high and weigh approximately twenty kilograms.
Their teeth are square with strength very similar to that of a Rottweiler, despite having the finest jaw. Its fur is black and tan, varying its intensity but not the distribution. Black or gray color extends to the upper neck, back, and rump, while the flanks, thighs and belly have mixed gray and gold-tone fur. The rest of the body is tan or sand in different colors.
The eyes should never be prominent but small, dark and oblique, with typical terrier expression, alert and intelligent. The ears are V-shaped, sometimes lighter or darker than the skull. For aesthetic reasons, the tail is sometimes amputated at birth. This depends on the country, as several countries now follow the rule not to cut tails or ears, considering the practice a mutilation without true meaning.
It has a long, flat skull that is well proportioned to the body. The well-shaped nose should not have a concave, stop abruptly or fall below the eye line. The skin should be smooth, firm and tight. The upper and lower jaws are large, powerful and strong, but should not present an excessive development. It has a scissor bite, i.e. the inner surfaces of the upper incisors make contact with the outside of the lower incisors, which are preferably placed at right angles to the jaw. The lips are firm and the nose is black.
The back is short, strong, straight and level, and there should be an appearance of muscle tone. The ribs are well sprung. In those dogs that have a shorter distance between the cross and the hips, the ribs are well developed and deployed; there is little space between them and the hips. The Airedale has a deep chest (i.e., almost level with the elbows). The long back is inclined obliquely backwards, with flat blades. The breed tips perfectly straight, with good bones. Its thighs are long and strong, with muscular legs joined to the knee with a good angle.